Thursday, June 4, 2020

Lighting candles for Tiananmen and also Hong Kong on a dark June day


"The truth will set you free" -- we hope; "Being born in uncertain 
times carries certain responsibilities" -- it sure does seem so :S
 

Some people also went to Victoria Park to individually mourn earlier in the day.  And still others opted to stay in their neighborhoods or even within their homes -- but lit candles to remember this dark day anyway.

Making the day feel darker for Hong Kongers this year: the national anthem bill was indeed passed into law today. Consequently, as of this day in Hong Kong, disrespecting or misusing the March of the Volunteers consitutes a a criminal offence, with offenders liable to fines of up to HK$50,000 or three years in prison.

My question now is: what constitutes disrespectful?  Take, as an example, the following commentary and critique of (the English translation of) its lyrics:-

Arise, ye who refuse to be slaves!
-- Actually, I'm down with that!

With our flesh and blood, let us build a new Great Wall!
-- Hold on a minute.  For one thing, what if I don't want to build a new Great Wall?  For another, what if I don't wish to volunteer my flesh and blood to do so?  (Incidentally, the linkage of the flesh and blood to the Great Wall makes me recall the grisly story of the bodies of many of the 400,000 people who died while building it being encased in the wall!)

As China faces its greatest peril 
-- Is it facing its greatest peril now?  Really?

From each one the urgent call to action comes forth.
Arise! Arise! Arise!
Millions of but one heart
-- Okay, I get here that you are asking Chinese people to go to the country's rescue... since it supposedly is imperiled.

Braving the enemies' fire! March on!
Braving the enemies' fire! March on!

-- Sorry but when I read about the enemies' fire on June 4th, what comes to mind is the People Liberation Army firing on and otherwise attacking people in Beijing in the summer of 1989!

March on! March, march on! 

Wednesday, June 3, 2020

Visiting the June 4th Museum and thinking about solidarity with other protestors on the eve of June 4th

(All) For Freedom, back in 1989

 
A pin I'll be wearing tomorrow
 
I'm not sure why it took me so long to do so but I finally visited the world's only June 4th Museum, located in Mongkok, Hong Kong, yesterday afternoon.  Its space is on the small side; made more crowded by there being a number of journalists there to interview activist Lee Cheuk-yan (who is on the governing committee of the Hong Kong Alliance in Support of Patriotic Democratic Movements of China, the organizer of the June 4th vigils in Hong Kong and operator of the museum) as well as people like me who were motivated to visit ahead of the 31st anniversary of the Tiananmen Square massacre.  But those who make the effort to visit will, I feel, consider it worth doing so.
 
 
With regards to the 1989 section: I found that which told the tales of particiular individuals involved in the protests heart-breaking in terms of how their bid to stand up for their compatriots as well as improve their country ended up in tragedy and death.  And it felt extremely ironic to learn who were involved in the Concert for Democracy in China staged in Hong Kong in support of the 1989 Tiananmen Square protestors -- since the likes of Jackie Chan, Alan Tam and Eric Tsang have come out against pro-democracy protestors in Hong Kong in recent months and years, and even have been filmed happily carousing with the current head of the brutish Hong Kong police force and even an officially disgraced ex-police officer.  

I think I would have come out from a visit to this museum in tears if its exhibits had focused entirely on the events of 1989.  But even while it of course has not been all sunshine and smiles this past year or so (with yet another injustice due to take place tomorrow with the expected passing into law of the national anthem bill which will make it illegal to boo or make fun of the risible March of the Volunteers with its lyrics enjoining (presumably) the Chinese Communist to "Take [Chinese people's] flesh, and build it to become a new Great Wall", among other things), at least Hong Kongers are still resisting -- at times with an unexpectedly large amount of humor.  

While we're on the subject of protests: it is all but impossible to ignore the protests that have broken out in various parts of the US in the wake of George Floyd being killed while in police custody.  But while protests in solidarity with the US's Black Lives Matter movement have also broken out in other parts of the world, none have taken place that I know of in Hong Kong.  Still, as more than one Hong Konger has taken pains to point out, it's not that we don't care and stand in solidarity.  Rather, many of us are running on fumes right now after so much protesting on the ground here in Hong Kong for more than a year now and consequently are restricting our expressions of solidarity to cyberspace for now.       

And while we're on the subject of expressing solidarity: I know it's a big ask but just as every June 4th, Hong Kong has remembered the Tiananmen Square massacre and stand in solidarity with the Tiananmen Mothers and others still bidding for justice to be served in Mainland China for the past 30 years, this year, we would like to ask people in the rest of the world to stand with Hong Kong in general as well as those determined to honor those who rallied for democracy for China in 1989 by lighting a candle at 8pm your time and uploading the photo or writings or songs to Facebook, Twitter or Instagram with the hashtag #6431truth

Remember and demand accountability for the Tiananmen Square Massacre!  Stand with Hong KongBlack Lives Matter

Monday, June 1, 2020

Flimsy public health threat excuses and real tears that give the bluff away

football pitches after June 4th (and maybe beyond?)
 
A familiar scene from previous years that 
won't be seen on June 4th this year :(
 
It's official: the annual candlelight vigil to remember the Tiananmen Square massacre will not be allowed to take place this year.  The Hong Kong police (who are given the authority to issue "letters of no objection" or ban planned public gatherings in Hong Kong) say that they are not allowing a crowd to assemble at Victoria Park this Thursday for health reasons.   
 
To be sure, Hong Kong still has not completely eradicated the Wuhan coronavirus within the territory; with yesterday and today seeing not only new cases but local transmissions at that.  But, to put things into context, we're talking there having been one and three new cases respectively on Sunday and this Monday -- and for more than two weeks before that, there were zero local transmissions among the new daily cases reported.  
 
Also, as the Israelis showed back on April 20th, it is entirely possible to socially distance while protesting -- and this particularly for something like Hong Kong's June 4th vigil, where the vast majority of attendees remain in just one spot for pretty much the duration of the event.  So, truly, there should be no question that the decision to ban this particular memorial vigil which, to date, has taken place every year since 1989 is a political one on the part of the authorities; and this even more so when the eternally unpopular 689 stated two Sundays ago that the June 4th vigil could be permanently banned in future after China's national security law for Hong Kong is passed.
 
Rather than gnash and wail about this anticipated decision, the vigil organizers have already got and publicized a plan B for this year -- and invited the world to take part, not just Hong Kongers.  I hope people will do so as this year, particularly, since this June 4th commemoration will be as much about Hong Kong as the Tiananmen Square Massacre; so they'll be signalling their willingness to Stand with Hong Kong as well as Never Forget 6.4.  
 
Returning to the issue of the national security legislation: various organizations and individuals are still coming out (post coercion?) to give their public support to its passing.  But there's little doubt in my mind that the vast majority of Hong Kongers oppose and even fear its passing; with this particular piece of Communist Chinese regime legislation provoking the worst anxiety since the handover in many people.  
 


More than one person has interpreted these tears to have come from self-pity; seeing as Chan is included in the Gang of 30 to be sanctioned in a report compiled by an overseas team with regards to the USA's Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 (HKHRDA).  However Cambridge University history professor Jeppe Mulich has a more generous take on the matter, tweeting that: "Here's the thing about people like Paul Chan, Matthew Cheung, and the five university presidents. They know what the [National People's Congress's security legislation] decision means for Hong Kong's future. With the exception of diehards like C.Y. Leung, nobody at the top wants this. They just don't think they have a choice."  
 

Saturday, May 30, 2020

Visual reminders of Hong Kong's existing beauty and allure (Photo-essay)

Compared to the previous few days, yesterday and today have been on the quiet side in Hong Kong as far as political manouverings and protests go.  Ditto when compared with what's been happening over on the other side of the world in Minnesota and elsewhere in the USA.  (My solidarity, more than by the way, with the protestors against police brutality over there.)

Of course, this is not to say that everything's peachy keen here by any means.  And even on the Wuhan coronavirus front, anxiety levels have been raised by there having been a total of 16 new cases over the past two days (all of which were imported and actually involved returnees who had flown back on the same plane from Pakistan).

Still, I think this is a good time to serve up some reminders of Hong Kong's physical beauty -- as seen not on hikes (which I've not been on for a few weeks now because the weather's been on the rainy and gloomy side recently) but on urban walks.  For here's the thing: I know that Hong Kong is its people but it also is a particular place that really has its own unique allure that I hope the Communist Chinese regime and its quislings won't be able to completely destroy, however hard they try...

It pays to look up from time to time when walking around in Taikoo Shing :)
 
 
How idyllic it can all seem, given favorable circumstances
 
Buildings, mountain, people, sea (or, okay, harbour!) and sky

View across Victoria Harbour from Kowloonside,
 
Yes, fishing boats still can be sighted in Victoria Harbour!
 
Yes, I think there's beauty to be found in a concrete jungle
 
And, actually, it's not that hard to catch glimpses of the greener side 
of the Big Lychee even when you're right in the concrete jungle... :)

Thursday, May 28, 2020

Hong Kong braces itself as the USA as well as China act on Hong Kong

Hordes of riot police in Causeway Bay yesterday afternoon

Crazy amounts of riot police out detaining people
in Admiralty that same afternoon

"You can't kill us all" but it can seem like they
want to arrest everyone instead :(

Hong Kong once again had zero new Wuhan coronavirus cases today, making it 12 days since there was a locally transmited case in the territory.  But while the government also has announced that more entertainment venues will be able to reopen next week, its ban on large public gatherings -- including the annual June 4th candlelight vigil in Victoria Park -- will remain in place.  

Even while plans already are being made to commemorate the Tiananmen Massacre in a different way from how it's been for the past 30 years in Hong Kong, the chances are high that this June 4th will also be filled with other protests here in the Big Lychee thanks to the controversial national anthem bill -- which resumed its second reading begin yesterday, only to have the debate on it be temporarily halted today -- being due to be passed on that very day.  Put another way: the chances are very high indeed that Hong Kong will have its own tragedy to mourn that day along with a Chinese one. 

This past year, there's been so many sad days for Hong Kong already.  June 12thJuly 21stAugust 31st.  The list goes on and on and on.  And some people might add yesterday and today to it.  With regards to the former: the anticipated major protests actually didn't occur for the most part.  Even so, pepper balls were fired by the riot police in Central at lunch time and some 360 people (a good number of whom were schoolchildren along with other youngsters) were arrested by the police in premptive moves that came approximated arrests for "thought crimes" and doing away with presuming people are innocent until proven guilty

To be sure, there were standoffs between protestors and the police late into the night in Mongkok.  But many (most?) of the arrests and the Central pepper ball attack took place hours prior to it; when it seemed like, as a result of the calls to strike and go out into the streets having been made at the last minute (after it was realized that the area around the government complex had become well nigh impossible for regular folks to enter), the majority of Hong Kong elected to end up going about the day pretty much as normal -- with maybe more "yellow" shops staying open for business than ones who decided to close to show solidarity with anticipated strike action by others.

Granted that on my afternoon stroll through Hong Kong's urban areas yesterday, I did witness pockets of protests.  At Admiralty, I also saw a long line of stopped trams -- not able to proceed further west due to what was happening over in Central.  On the other hand, I found Harcourt Road and the shopping mall closest to it to be far more deserted and less full of people than Pacific Place (everyone of whose shops was open for business along with its cineplex) further away from the Legislative Council building.

All in all, yesterday felt nothing like this past Sunday.  Indeed, I'd go so far as to suggest that it all felt like a rehearsal of sorts for a later day, or a day to experiment to see what worked and what didn't -- on the side of both the protestors and also the police (with the latter opting to show how much of a paranoid police state Hong Kong has become, probably without much thought of how unsustainable their actions actually are, and what consequences they will almost inevitably engender).

As it happened, the day's major development actually took place late at night and came courtesy of US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo.  In a succinct Tweet, he dropped quite the bombshell.  Hours later, as much of Hong Kong slept, he embellished on his announcement to assert that: “No reasonable person can assert today that Hong Kong maintains a high degree of autonomy from China, given facts on the ground”; and “While the United States once hoped that free and prosperous Hong Kong would provide a model for authoritarian China, it is now clear that China is modeling Hong Kong after itself”.  As such, the United States of America would no longer maintain special trade relations with Hong Kong or consider it an autonomous region, as it has done since the 1997 handover by the United Kingdom to China.

It remains to be seen what exactly the US government is going to do after this announcement.  Among the possibilities are sanctions, the cancellation of bilateral treaties, the imposition of tariffs on goods coming into, out and through Hong Kong, and export controls.  But even while most people acknowledge that Hong Kong will inevitably be dealt more economic blows as a result of this (which already have been felt at the stock exchange), there is a sense that it will be worth of it if it means that the Chinese Communist regime is made to pay for its destruction of "one country, two systems" and Hong Kong itself.  And of course its Hong Kong quislings deserve to be penalized too.

Something else that remains to be seen are the specifics of the highly unpopular (among Hong Kongers) national security law that China's rubberstamp congress approved this afternoon -- with one dissenting vote and six abstentions.  But while it's headline news in Hong Kong as well as beyond, the fact of the matter is that pretty much everyone knew the bill would be made law once it was announced last Thursday; hence my feeling far more devastated on Thursday night and a good part of Friday than I actually do today.    

It can seem like scant consolation at this point but it's worth noting that this national security law hasn't come into effect yet.  (As Antony Dapiran pointed out, the law hasn't actually been drafted yet -- and that's estimated to take another couple of months.)  And even while enquiries about, and actual purchases of, VPNs have surged in Hong Kong in recent days, like Goofrider, I don't plan on censoring myself -- at least not just yet -- without knowing the specifics.  Why give the oppressors the satisfaction of handing my right to free speech over on a silver platter?  

Also, for the record, the Basic Law still officially remains in force in Hong Kong, and Article 28 of it goes as follows:
The freedom of the person of Hong Kong residents shall be inviolable. No Hong Kong resident shall be subjected to arbitrary or unlawful arrest, detention or imprisonment. Arbitrary or unlawful search of the body of any resident or deprivation or restriction of the freedom of the person shall be prohibited. Torture of any resident or arbitrary or unlawful deprivation of the life of any resident shall be prohibited.

Tuesday, May 26, 2020

Still striking out even while waiting for the axe to fall on Hong Kong's existing freedoms

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EYzHc1aU8AEkb3g?format=jpg&name=large 
 A graphic floating around online showing some differences 

https://pbs.twimg.com/media/EYduj52UEAQbPWJ?format=jpg&name=large
An emoji organizational chart made by someone who wants 


This is because, to put it mildly, major protests are anticipated to take place again tomorrow; this even though the police have rejected an application by a district councillor for a rally to be held outside of Civic Square tomorrow.  For some days now, there have been calls for people to go and besiege the Legislative Council complex -- like for the planned reading last June of the extradition bill.  And even though people do worry about their personal safety, in view of what the police did on June 12th, it's looking like many people are preparing to answer those calls.   

In addition, late this afternoon came calls by several parties for a general strike to also take place tomorrow.  I've also seen calls made for other kinds of disruptive actions to be taken.  And, again, even while there is a real fear among some people of arrests or worse (that might keep them from doing anything tomorrow even while wanting the same outcome as active participants), there are others who appear to have lost their fear.

A reminder: Hong Kong's pro-democracy struggle has a lot of support, including from people who may not feel comfortable going out on the streets but still have made their existence known from time to time (including at last November's District Council elections which saw the democratic camp win by a landslide).  And I think it's abundantly clear to them, despite the "assurances" being trotted out by the Hong Kong government along with Communist Chinese regime officials, that the freedoms found to be in Hong Kong (but not in Mainland China) are in grave danger of being destroyed (along with people who value it); this even more so after Beijing further expanded the parameters of the proposed national security law for Hong Kong today

Amidst all this, it may seem like small consolation indeed that the Lands Department has found that a hated senior police officer has indeed unlawfully occupied government land in Sai Kung and has illegal structures on the village house in which he currently resides.  And even though the warnings meted out don't seem tough at all, some will see the very finding that illegal acts had been committed as proof that not all sections of the Hong Kong government have been ruined by pro-Beijingers (with the Food and Health Bureau also having been singled out for praise in recent weeks by someone who wants democracy for Hong Kong).  


Still on the legal front: It's also heartening to see Hong Kong's Bar Association contesting Beijing's legal power to enact the national security law and its president, Philip Dykes, publicly questioning why Article 23 was ever written into the Basic Law if national security legislation can be imposed by Beijing under Article 18 instead, as the central and SAR governments claim.  The point here being that, even while we know that the Chinese Communist regime is going to ram that law through, we want to show how it is -- and the Hong Kong quislings being trotted out by them are -- lying so much over the course of doing so (and, indeed, for quite some time). 

As a political commentator put it: for decades now, the Chinese Communist regime has felt that "the freedom embraced by Hong Kongers represents a fundamental threat to its power".  In his recent article for The Age, Ben Bland also noted the following: 
The strong sense of separate identity felt by many Hong Kongers directly undermines Xi’s claim to be uniting and rejuvenating all the Chinese people. And the fact that Hong Kong’s success has been predicated on its British-based legal system and its international way of life undercuts Beijing’s efforts to show the world that its style of governance is superior. This is the subversion, separatism and foreign interference that Beijing is trying to outlaw with its national security legislation for Hong Kong...
...[O]ver the past few years, Hong Kongers have shown that Beijing cannot easily win this political struggle despite the profound power asymmetry between the two sides. The fact that Beijing has been driven to unilaterally impose national security legislation is a testament to activists’ successful efforts to stop the Hong Kong government implementing such a law.

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Hong Kongers surprise with their courage and determination once more

"Together, we fight the virus", and oppression

Hong Kong police making like the army of occupation



To be sure, the Communist Chinese regime and local quislings are making a mockery out of "One country, two systems" -- but make no mistake: Hong Kong people are not giving up on their five demands and fight for freedom.  For those who doubt this: look at and to what happened in Hong Kong this afternoon and evening.  

While it's easy enough to fixate on the police and their eye-catching array of weapons (including the infamous water cannon and tear gas), do pay attention too to the fact that several thousand Hong Kongers were prepared to go out today to show their opposition to the national security law that the Communist Chinese regime has said it will impose on Hong Kong. (And for those who argue that (some) protestors also have weapons: honestly, now, do plastic water bottles and durian husks really count compared to what the ultra well equipped police have?!)

I was in Causeway Bay this afternoon and it was interesting to observe what ensued on the two occasions that tear gas was fired in my vicinity.  The first time around, around 1.30pm, several people (shoppers as well as protestors) sought cover in shops and other indoor spaces -- and I was pleasantly surprised to find that at least one "blue" store was not only prepared to let people shelter from the tear gas but, also, let people know when and where the police had dispersed from the area so that people could go out without fear of being arrested.

The second time around, around two hours later, I was closer to where the tear gas (or powder) was unleashed.  Rather than run for cover, much of the gathered crowd walked away from the scene.  Put another way: people calmly made like water as they flowed -- rather than rage like torrents -- away into nearby streets and alleys.     

I realize some might see it as grasping at straws but I honestly was heartened by the frankly surprising large number of people who turned up to protest today.  It's not just because this all took place in the midst of the Wuhan coronavirus pandemic (that still is raging in much of the world though it's true enough that Hong Kong reported zero new cases yesterday and today).  Rather, it all did so despite everyone who turned up fully realizing that they could be arrested and attacked.  

Maybe this is because people feel like they have little or nothing left to lose anymore.  Even so, one has to admire and respect the courage and determination on show from ordinary folks -- female and male, young, old, middle-aged -- including when they persisted in doing such as singing Glory to Hong Kong even in the face of a heavy police presence.  (Unlike at the West Kowloon Magistracy this past Monday, I actually didn't recognize any well-known face in the crowd; so will surmize that this was yet another truly leaderless affair.) 

More than by the way, earlier today, one of the 15 who I went to West Kowloon Magistracy to support this week, Apple Daily owner Jimmy Lai, sought to point Carrie Lam to an actual (rather than non-existent) quote by Nelson Mandela which goes as follows: "There is no easy walk to freedom anywhere, and many of us will have to pass through the valley of the shadow of death again and again before we reach the mountaintop of our desires."  And I have little doubt on whose side of Hong Kong's fight for democracy and freedom the South African freedom fighter and inspirational world leader -- whom his enemies had labelled a terrorist and imprisoned -- would have been on if he were still alive today.