A Studio Ghibli masterpiece that was
not directed by Hayao Miyazaki
Grave of the Fireflies (Japan, 1988)
- Isao Takahata, director
- Voiced by Tsutomo Tatsumi, Ayako Shiraishi
Early during his career, Studio Ghibli co-founder Hayao Miyazaki had a pet project that he wanted to turn into a film. But he had problems securing funding for it because it was thought that not many people would want to see "a movie about two little kids and a monster in rural Japan". And it was not until My Neighbor Totoro was mooted as a double bill along with a more realistic work based on a well-known book and looked upon as containing an "educational" element that would result in teachers bringing their classes to see it that Miyazaki's cinematic gem got the greenlight to be made.
Isao Takahata's Grave of the Fireflies most certainly is an educational work. It also happens to be one of the saddest films -- animated or not -- that I've ever seen in my life. For even while, its story revolves around two children as is the case with My Neighbor Totoro, what is shown happening to them is the stuff of adult nightmares. And this Studio Ghibli production not being a live action work most definitely does not make any of its scenes less powerfully impacting.
The first line you hear in the film involves a young teenaged boy named Seita (Tsutomo Tatsumi) telling you the date that he died. Yes, the story is narrated by a dead boy, and the first few minutes of the movie shows his last moments -- in a spooky train station whose staff have become used to finding corpses in the building and think nothing of rifling through a dead boy's belongings and throwing away something they consider worthless.
For non-Japanese folks, these scenes are horribly chilling to view. And I can but imagine how contemporary Japanese folks watching these scenes set shortly after the end of the Second World War would feel when beholding them.
After a brief dreamlike interlude, the film goes further back in time -- to mere minutes before the city of Kobe was firebombed by the US air force. In their household compound, Keita -- the man of the family now, since his naval officer father is far away -- is working to ensure the safety of his family's most precious belongings and bids his mother, who has a heart condition, to go first to the bomb shelter, telling her that he will bring his 5-year-old sister Setsuko (Ayako Shiraishi) along to join her shortly.
The next time Keita sees his mother, she is covered in bandages and blood in a makeshift hospital (in what used to be a school). Setsuko never gets to see her mother again before the badly injured woman dies, her body covered by maggots and burnt together with numerous others in a large pyre.
Effectively orphans (especially with his naval officer father not answering -- or even getting? -- his letters), Keita and Setsuko go and stay with an aunt -- who turns out to be far less sympathetic than should be the case. After various slights and other mistreatments, Keita decides to move out along with Setsuko and move into an abandoned bomb shelter by a picturesque river.
It's but a matter of time before they encounter difficulties, and their living condition deteriorates badly. But Grave of the Fireflies also contains some beautiful scenes showing the innocent joy and happiness that children can feel. On one level, they are lovely to see. But on another, because the audience knows the two main characters' ultimate fate pretty much from the start, these can actually be more depressing to watch than those showing, say, Setsuko coming across a dead body lying on a scenic beach.
The film ends with a series of haunting scenes that will tear at your heart. Although I expected to be reduced to a puddle of tears by its conclusion (hence my not daring to view this anime work for decades!), not that many tears rolled down my cheeks actually. Instead, I literally felt chest pains as the credits roll because Grave of the Fireflies truly is an immensely heart-breaking work.
As can be imagined, this is not a film that I will want to re-watch anytime soon. And yet, I also come away wanting others to see it, and thinking that only the incredibly cold-hearted and/or unempathetic would not be affected by the movie and not ever want their country, or the world at large, to be at war again; this not least since as this cinematic work that's based on a semi-autobiographical novel by Akiyuki Nosaka, one of whose sisters died of hunger during World War II, shows, in times of war, it often is the most blameless who get the most hurt.
My rating for this film: 10.0